Romanesque architecture, also referred to as Greektown, is an artistic style of architecture that originated from the ancient Roman Empire. It was most prominently developed in Istanbul in the early days of the Byzantine Empire. Romanesque architecture incorporates elements from both Gothic and Romanesque styles. This architectural style consists of the use of limestone, marble and other stones of similar construction, frescos, latticed windows, and countertops made of marble or limestone.
โรมาเนสก์ Romanesque architecture is distinct from other styles of architecture by key characteristics. The primary defining characteristic of this architectural style is the use of a variety of natural materials like limestone, marble wood and other stones, and metals like bronze and copper. In contrast to the traditional rustic or Gothic architecture, where timber beams and wooden beams are the primary building material, Romanesque architecture makes use of more sophisticated materials. Additionally, Romanesque architecture makes extensive use of architectural friezes which are decorative elements positioned on the top floors of buildings. These friezes with decorative designs can be a significant asset to the Romanesque structure since they can add visual appeal and an artistic ambience to the building.
Romanesque architecture also features vaulted ceilings. Romanesque structures usually have vaulted ceilings supported by balustrades or iron fittings. A similar characteristic of Romanesque churches is the use of wave fronts (i.e. the vaulted ceiling of a Romanesque church is supported by cross-beams). Another frequent feature of Romanesque architecture is porticos (open-air vestibules) in addition to the usual built-up roofs.
Many of the characteristics of Romanesque architecture can also be found in Greek architecture. The most prominent ones are the use of heavy and dark stone as well as the use of iron and metal and the use of ceramics, pottery and other earthy materials. Romanesque buildings often have shewn plaster roofings. Romanesque furniture and ceramics are decorated with natural elements such as wood, stone and iron. Romanesque furniture is not decorated, however, it is used every day.
Romanesque arches feature arches and columns that are vertical. Romanesque pedimentary is another architectural style. It is a post that supports a column on either side of a square or rectangular room. Roman arches are rounded instead of sharp corners. Additionally there are arches that look more attractive than functional.
The majority of Romanesque buildings are straight-lined. Triangular and pentagonal arches are a few exceptions. In addition, the principal elements of Romanesque architecture are simple and rounded forms instead of elaborate ornamentation. This style of architecture was developed in urban centers throughout the Roman Empire that was around the 12th century. Many of these churches in urban areas still exist and are used as places of worship or as pilgrimage sites.
Romanesque architecture is similar in style to the ancient Roman structures. It has symmetrical forms and a large number of arches that are tapered and pointed and the use of symmetrical cornices. However, the different between Roman and Romanesque architecture is the use of more intricate detailing. To build their arches the ancients used stones and metals. Romanesque builders on the other hand employed wood and other earthy materials. Also some of these buildings feature elaborate window frames.
Romanesque architecture left a significant legacy in its use of rounded corners as its decorative elements. Many of these buildings have arches that are forty feet high or higher. These buildings are also set in more open spaces than other types of Romanesque architecture. Some of these churches have stunning mosaics or frescoes which are thought to be Romanesque sculptures.